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Stone Age

NEOLITHIC SETTLEMENTS

We have studied the remains of a Neolithic settlement at Scar Brae in the Orkneys, Scotland. This amazing site was covered for centuries by sand and grass but a storm in 1854 uncovered this settlement with low houses all connected together. Moving on from the Mesolithic period, these houses were built by farmers who would still gather shellfish from the seashore. They were boat builders and fishermen too.

Nobody knows why the settlement was eventually abandoned - we suggested that it may have been that a better site was found over the sea, the food sources were too erratic, the harvest may have failed or the people were afraid of something.

MESOLITHIC SETTLEMENTS

We have worked in pairs to build a Mesolithic home from 'branches and animal skins'. We problem solved making a structure and securing 5 poles with string. Tying knots was a challenge!

 

We have learnt that homes that could be packed up and moved on as ancient people tried to find food. Mesolithic people were NOMADIC and moved around as they followed herds of deer etc. Prehistoric people were hunter- gatherers.

 

Settling by rivers meant easy access to water. Prehistoric people lived in family groups and small tribes. Hunters used flint spearheads to catch red deer for food. Animal skins were scraped with flint scrapers to produce leather for clothes and to cover the home.

 

CHRONOLOGY AND THE PASSAGE OF TIME.

We understand the term PERIODS of history.

We know that time can be split into B.C. Before Christ and A.D. Anno Domini (Year of our Lord).

We know that the Stone Age is PREHISTORY and was so long ago that nothing was written down.

We know that some periods in history overlap such as the Romans and Ancient Egyptians, the Vikings and the Anglo-Saxons.

Placing periods of history on a timeline from 2000 AD to 6000 BC

CAVE ART

Following our first sketches in our sketchbooks, we now worked on a group cave drawing. We incorporated animals, hunts and hands which we've found in cave paintings from 30,000 years ago. We now know that this is PREHISTORY. We found out that the oldest cave paintings in Britain date from 12,000 years ago at Cresswell Caves.

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